Coat of Arms
Oakwood New Mill
Greater Manchester is a metropolitan county in North West England. It was created on 1 April 1974 because of the Local Government Act 1972.
Although a modern county it still has a long history with evidence of Iron Age inhabitation, Celtic activity and partly settled by the Brigantes. Remains of 1st century Roman forts have also been found. Much of the region was omitted from the Domesday Book of 1086.
During the Middle Ages, Greater Manchester lay within the hundred of Salfordshire which is an ancient division of the county of Lancashire.
The Industrial Revolution transformed the local domestic system, and much of Greater Manchester's heritage is related to textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution. The townships in and around Manchester began expanding "at an astonishing rate" around the turn of the 19th century as part of a process of unplanned urbanisation brought on by a boom in textile processing.
Traders from Germany in the 18th century were using the name Manchesterthum, meaning 'Greater Manchester', but the name was not used by the English until the 20th century.