Flag of Essex
Audley End House
Kelvedon Hatch Bunker
Essex is a county in the East of England and it is counted as one of the Home Counties.
In pre-Roman Britain the territories of Suffolk and Essex were home to the Trinovantes tribe, which had grown wealthy through intensive trade with the Roman Empire.
The name Essex originates in the Anglo-Saxon period of the Early Middle Ages and has its root in the Old English Ēastseax, the Eastern Kingdom of the Saxons.
Colchester in the north east of the county is Britain's oldest recorded town, dating back to before the Roman conquest, when it was known as Camulodunum, and was sufficiently well-developed to have its own mint.
Essex County Council was formed in 1889.